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How to Perform Jummah/Jum’ah (Friday) Prayer: A Beginner's Guide

How to Perform Jummah/Jum’ah (Friday) Prayer: A Beginner's Guide

by Riwaya

    Friday is hailed as the holiest day of the week in Islam, it is a day of gathering, reflection, and communal worship, as it marks the day of Jummah/Jum’ah (Friday) Prayer.

    In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the steps and significance of Jummah/Jum’ah (Friday) prayer, providing clear and easy-to-follow instructions for both beginners and those looking to enhance their understanding.

    What is Jummah/Jum’ah (Friday) Prayer?

    Jummah/Jum’ah (Friday) prayer is a congregational prayer performed by Muslims on every Friday, taking the place of Dhuhr prayer and followed by a sermon (khutbah) from the imam.

    Attending Jummah/Jum’ah (Friday) prayer is obligatory for Muslim men's (except for those who are travelling) and its importance is emphasised in Islamic teachings, in the Quran, Allah says:

    "O you who believe! When the call for Friday prayer is made, hasten to the remembrance of Allah and leave aside business. That is better for you if you only knew."

    (Surah Al-Jum’ah, verse 9)

    This verse highlights the importance of attending the Friday prayer and listening to the sermon attentively.

    Preparing for Jummah/Jum’ah Prayer

    1. Perform Ablution (Wudu)

    Start by performing ablution (wudu), a ritual purification that involves washing specific parts of the body. If you're unsure about how to perform wudu, you can refer to our step-by-step guide on wudu here.

    2. Dress Respectfully

    Choose clean and modest attire for Jum’ah prayer, showing respect for the congregation and the sanctity of the occasion. Men are encouraged to wear their best clothes, reflecting a sense of reverence and readiness for the prayer.

    When selecting attire for Jum’ah prayer, it's important for men to adhere to the concept of awrah in Islam, which refers to the parts of the body that should be covered. For men, awrah comprises the area between the navel and the knees. 

    Ensure that your clothing adequately covers this area and avoid tight-fitting clothes that reveal the shape of the body and do not provide modest coverage as well as clothes with prominent faces or symbols or any offensive or inappropriate slogans or graphics. 

    3. Arrive Early

    Arriving at the mosque well before the adhan (call to prayer) allows time for personal preparation and reflection. It also demonstrates eagerness and commitment to participate in the congregational prayer.

    4. Recite Surah Al-Kahf

    Consider reciting Surah Al-Kahf (Chapter 18 of the Quran) before attending Jum’ah prayer. This surah holds special significance on Fridays and brings spiritual blessings and insights. The practice of reciting Surah Al-Kahf is encouraged by the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) as narrated in the following Hadith:

    "Whoever reads Surah al-Kahf on the night of Jumu’ah, will have a light that will stretch between him and the Ancient House (the Ka’bah)."

    ( Al-Daarimi, 3407)

    5. Attend the Sermon (Khutbah)

    Stay attentive during the sermon (khutbah) that follows the congregational Jum’ah prayer. The khutbah provides valuable guidance and reminders for personal growth and spiritual reflection.

    Jummah/Jum’ah Prayer Structure

    During Jummah (Friday) prayer, there are two Adhans (calls to prayer): one when the sun starts to go down, which gathers everyone, and another just before the Imam starts the sermon, signaling the beginning of the sermon and the upcoming prayer.

    During Jummah (Friday) prayer, there are two Adhans (calls to prayer): one when the sun starts to go down, which gathers everyone, and another just before the Imam starts the sermon, signaling the beginning of the sermon and the upcoming prayer.

    The sermon in Jummah prayer, called the Khutbah, is important but not required for the prayer itself. It's usually split into two parts. In the first part, the Imam talks about our duties to Allah and others and may discuss important community topics. The second part follows a specific format and often includes supplications, praises of Allah, and blessings upon the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).

    How to Perform Jummah/Jum’ah prayer

    Here’s a simple breakdown of how to perform Jummah/Jum’ah prayer:

    • Make Your Intention: Begin by making a sincere intention in your heart to perform the Jum’ah prayer, seeking closeness to Allah and fulfilling this important obligation.

    • Purity (Taharah): Ensure you are in a state of ritual purity (wudu) before starting the prayer.

    • Arrival at the Mosque: Arrive at the mosque early to participate in the congregational prayer. Take the time to listen attentively to the sermon (khutbah) delivered by the imam before the prayer.

    • Start with Two Rakats: Begin with two rakats as a greeting to the mosque. After saying "Allahu Akbar" silently, recite Surah Al-Fatiha and a portion of the Quran in each rakat.

    • Listen to the Khutbah: After the initial two rakats, listen attentively to the khutbah (sermon) delivered by the imam. This is an integral part of the Jumu'ah gathering and serves as a reminder and guidance for the congregation.

    • Join the Main Jumu'ah Prayer: Following the khutbah, join the congregation in the main Jumu'ah prayer led by the imam. Follow the imam's actions, including bowing (ruku), prostration (sujood), and standing.

    • Tashahhud and Dua: After completing the prayer, you can recite the tashahhud (declaration of faith) and send blessings upon Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Then, make personal supplications (dua) for yourself, your loved ones, and the Muslim community.


    So, that's a wrap on our guide to Jummah/Jum’ah (Friday) prayer! It's not just a religious duty; it's a beautiful religious act that brings Muslims together every week. By following these steps and understanding the significance of it, you're not just fulfilling an obligation – you're part of a vibrant community that cherishes this special time. Here's to meaningful and blessed Jummah/Jum’ah (Friday) prayers ahead!

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    Q1: What time does Jummah/Jum’ah (Friday) prayer take place?

    Jummah/Jum’ah (Friday) prayer takes place on Fridays, typically around midday, after the time of Dhuhr prayer has begun. It is performed during the time when the sun is at its zenith. For accurate prayer times you can use our prayer timetable.

    Q2: Is attending Jummah/Jum’ah (Friday) prayer obligatory for women?

    Jummah/Jum’ah (Friday) prayer is not obligatory for women and they may pray four Rak`ahs of Dhuhr in their homes. Thus, attending Jumu'ah prayers at the masjid is optional for women as long as proper guidelines are followed.

    Q3: What Time is Jummah/Jum’ah (Friday) Prayer?

    The duration of the Jummah/Jum’ah (Friday) prayer can vary, but typically the sermons last between 30-45 minutes, followed by a short prayer lasting 5-10 minutes.

    Q4: What happens during the Khutbah (sermon) of Jummah/Jum’ah (Friday)?

    The Imam delivers a sermon (Khutbah) during Jummah/Jum’ah (Friday) prayer, addressing various topics such as reminders about faith, guidance from the Quran and Sunnah, social issues, and community matters. It is a time for reflection and learning.

    Q5: What happens during the Khutbah (sermon) of Jummah/Jum’ah (Friday)?

    It is recommended and advised to wear one's best clothes when attending Jummah/Jum’ah (Friday). Ensure your attire is clean, modest, and respectful as a sign of honour for the sacred gathering, reflecting modesty and humility in front of Allah.

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